قالب وردپرس
 

Iranian Research Institute of Plant Protection

Address: No. 1, Yaman (Tabnak) St., Chamran Highway, Tehran, Iran             

P.O. Box: 19395-1454

Tel: +98-21-22403012-16            

 Fax: +98-21-22403691

Musium

Considerable number of plants, insects and fungi species have been collected during the past decades by researchers, which are being kept at separate museums. The insect collection, Hayk-Mirzayans Insect Museum (HMIM), contains about 4,000,000  specimens; the Herbarium Ministerii Iranici Agriculturae (IRAN) contains about 200,000 plant specimens, 600 living fungal cultures and 12,000 dried fungal specimens. The specimens are one of the greatest plant, fungus and insect collections in the Middle East.

 Hayk-Mirzayans Insect Museum

Insects include over two third of all known species; however, many are still unknown. Iran contains a relatively diverse flora and fauna. According to the current bio-geographical divisions, Iran is located in the Palearctic region but some faunal elements of Afrotropical and oriental regions exist in the southern provinces.

Hayk Mirzayans Insect Museum, the largest insect collection in Iran, was founded in 1945. In 1943, Jalal Afshar, the first Iranian entomologist, founded an small laboratory entitles as "Laboratory of Entomology and Plant Protection". In this year, a small group of young entomologists started to cooperate with this laboratory, among them Hayk Mirzayans had great efforts on completing this collection. In this year, some Russian entomologists such as Dr. Alexandrov, Dr.  Chovachin and Dr. Kiriokhin, cooperated with this laboratory. In 1962, after the foundation of IRIPP, this relatively large collection joined IRIPP. By research especially on “Investigation, Collection and Identification of Insect Fauna of Iran”, these studies were accelerated. At present, the collection, by about 4 million specimens, contains many Type specimens. In spring 1999, Hayk Mirzayans passed away, and by suggestion of the Agricultural Minister, in honor of him, this collection was called Hayk Mirzayans Insect Museum (HMIM).

The identification of insect fauna of Iran is one of the important objectives of the Insect Taxonomy Research Department. In addition to insect collection halls, Insect Taxonomy Research Department includes Coleoptera, Lepidoptera, Orthoptera, Diptera, Hemiptera and Isoptera taxonomic laboratory, library and web room. This department is the main authorized reference for insect identification in Iran. The main activities of this department are:

  1. Conducting taxonomic and faunal research projects.
  2. Cooperation with national and international experts.
  3. Identification service to research, training and executive centers.
  4. Offering training courses and advising M.Sc. and Ph.D. students.
  5. Cooperation with insect museums of other research centers.
  6. Publishing articles, reports, books and checklists.
  7. Providing the related information to visitors.
  8. Establishing data banks of known species of insects and providing the identification software.

Department:

Agricultural Entomology:

  • Insect ecology
  • Insect biology
  • Insect physiology
  • Chemical ecology of insects
  • Insect pest forecasting
  • Economic injury level (EIL) of insect pests
  • Plant resistance to insect pests
  • Control methods of insect pests (IPM)

Agricultural Zoology:

  • Identification (taxonomy, morphology and kariology) of acari, rodents, birds, spiders, slugs and snails.
  • Eco-biology of acari, rodents, birds, spiders, slugs and snails.
  • Control (biological, cultural, mechanical and chemical) of acari, rodents, birds, slugs and snails.
  • Use of important species of acari and spiders as biocontrol agents of some agricultural pests.

Biological Control:

  • Preparation and implementation of research projects and programs on biological control of plant pests, diseases and weeds.
  • Collection of the genetic resources of parasitoids, predators and beneficial microorganisms to use in pest control.
  • Providing mass production technology and large-scale application methods of beneficial agents and biological compounds.
  • Providing the other research needs for institutes and centers on biological control of plant pests, diseases and weeds.
  • Collaboration and communication with organizations and academic and research institutes nationally and internationally.
  • Authority in national registration, inspection and monitoring of all biological control agents and products.

Botany:

  • Collection, identification and preservation of the flora (flowering and non-flowering plants, fungi, lichens, weeds of various crops, medicinal and pesticide plants) of Iran in the Herbarium Ministerii Iranici Agriculture ("IRAN").
  • Carrying out special botanical and mycological research projects (particularly taxonomic) and collaborative projects with other departments of the institute.

Insects Taxonomy:

  • Conducting taxonomic and faunal research projects.
  • Cooperation with national and international experts.
  • Identification services to research, training and executive centers.
  • Offering training courses and advising M.Sc. and Ph.D. students.
  • Cooperating in conduction and completion of insect collections in other scientific and research centers.
  • Publishing articles, reports, books and checklists.
  • Providing information to visitors.
  • Establishing data bank on the known species of insects and providing the identification software.
 

Nematology:

  • Collection of entemopathogenic, predatory and free living nematodes.
  • Determining host range and bio-ecology of important plant- parasitic nematodes.
  • Studies on seasonal fluctuation of plant-parasitic nematodes in soil and plant.
  • Studies on interaction of nematodes and soil borne microorganisms.
  • Determination of economic damage threshold levels of phyto-nematodes
  • Management of phyto-nematodes through physical, chemical, cultural and resistant varieties.
  • Integrated pest management of olive and co-operation in sugar beet, rape seed, cereal, temperate fruit trees, and cotton IPM.
 

Plant Diseases:

  • Identification and diagnosis of fungal and bacterial plant diseases.
  • Conduction and execution of research experiments regarding etiology, ecology, epidemiology, population genetics and control of plant pathogens with emphasis on non-chemical and integrated methods.
  • Communication with agricultural research and extension centers around the country for identification and determination of plant diseases research priorities.
  • Collection and preservation of biological agents including pathogenic and beneficial fungi and bacteria.
  • Arrangement and conduction of training programs for provincial research staff.
  • Continuous collaboration with universities and colleges in supervising and advising student's dissertations and theses.
  • Collaboration with international research institutes by conducting joint research projects.
  • Publication of research papers in international and national scientific journals.
  • Participation in international and national meetings by presenting research papers.
 

Plant Viruses:

  • Identification and diagnosis of main agricultural crop virus diseases and related strain by applying different specific and sensitive diagnostic tools including serological and PCR based methods.
  • Molecular characterization of important plant viruses and study on their phylogenic relationships.
  • Epidemiological studies for applying in disease management.
  • Co-operating with different institutes (national and international) and scientists in the plant virology and related field, training university students and advisory services to farmers and different research centers.
 

Pesticides:

  • Establishment of the Maximum Residue Levels (MRL) of the current pesticides
  • Measurement of the pesticide residue in soil and water Collaboration with various health departments to achieve better and safer food (food safety)
 

Weeds:

  • Working on chemical and non-chemical control methods of weeds Expert system for weed management
  • Different aspects of weed Biology
  • Determination of ecology, and weed/crop interaction Weed mapping Parasitic weeds
 

Sunn Pest:

  • Conducting research on chemical and non-chemical control of Sunn Pest
  • Modeling and forecasting the behavior of Sunn Pest in the field
  • Studying the factors affecting Sunn Pest biology
  • Screening wheat lines resistance against Sunn Pest
  • Studying biology and ecology of Sunn Pest's natural enemies
 

History

Plant protection studies in Iran goes back to 1923, in which a small unit  entitled "Pest Identification and Control" was established by Jalal Afshar. Four years later, this unit was transferred to the Ministry of Public Benefits as "Pest Control Agency". Despite limited facilities, this agency conducted the first chemical control against locust by applying baits in Damavand area, following the first successful biological control against citrus scale using Rodolia cardinalis in the north part of Iran.

In 1943, J. Afshar established "Entomology and Pest Control Laboratory" working directly under supervision of the Agriculture Ministry. After the second World War, few young graduates joined the lab, and broadened research on different aspects of entomology. Next, foundation of an insect museum, one of the greatest in the Middle-East at present, was started. At present, this museum is the only formal center of insect identification in Iran. Botany section of the mentioned laboratory was activated by Iranian botanist and mycologist Dr. Esfandiari and Mr. Behboodi, the founder of weed research in Iran. At present, the herbarium (founded during 1945-1948) is one of the richest collections in the world. Formal name of this herbarium is "Herbarium Ministerii Iranici" and its code is "Iran". Students and researchers from Iran and other countries can borrow specimens from the Herbarium.

The name of "Entomology Laboratory" was changed to "Pest Surveying Office" in 1949, followed by "Plant Pests and Quarantine Surveying Office" in 1957. In 1962,  the name of "Plant Pests and Diseases Surveying Institute" was approved by the Ministry of Agriculture. In 1963, it was entitled as  "Plant Pests and Diseases Research Institute". In 2007, it was entitled as "Iranian Research Institute of Plant Protection" .

Management

At present, the president of the IRIPP is Dr. Ebrahim Ebrahimi. The research deputy is Dr. Kaveh Bananej, and the financial deputy is Dr. Masoud Amir-Maafi.

Mission

The mission of IRIPP is conducting research on effective pest management methods to preserve and protect the agricultural products, leading to sustainable agriculture .

Objectives

1. Detection, prioritize and policy-making on plant protection research.

2. Collection, identification and taxonomy of fauna and flora of Iran.

3. Research on biology, ecology and physiology of damaging agents and their natural enemies in agricultural products.

4. Economic assessment of damaging/useful agents.

5. Research on different control methods on pest.

6. Effective contribution in plant protection policy making and sustainable development.

7. Reducing the deleterious side-effects of insecticides on environment.

8. Releasing research results.

9. Increasing the scientific level of staff.

At present, IRIPP has 11 research departments with 32 provincial branches covering all agro-ecological zones:

Departments:

Agricultural Zoology Research Department

Agricultural Entomology Research Department

Biological Control Research Department

Botany Research Department

Insects Taxonomy Research Department

Nematology Research Department

Plant Disease Research Department

Plant Viruses Research Department

Pesticide Research Department

Weed Research Department

Sunn Pest Research Department